There could be several reasons why you would need to join pieces of metal together. Whether you’re doing it professionally or working on a DIY project, the most common way to weld is to use a welder. There are tons of welding methods you can choose from, but what if you don’t have any welder with you? Well, there are ways you can use for welding metals together without using a dedicated welder.
Some of the non-welding methods are perfect for the occasional DIYers who don’t want to invest in an expensive tool. You can weld almost any type of metal, including aluminum and steel, with these methods. In this article, I’ll help you understand How to weld without a welder and make a good joint with minimal effort.
Can You Weld Without A Welder?
When you want the literal meaning of welding, you would need a dedicated welder with the necessary arc machine and specialized tools. However, If your goal is to combine two pieces of metal, yes, you can combine metals without using a welder. You can still join metals effectively using different methods that I’ll get you through.
It won’t be a welding process; you can call it a separate method to join two pieces of metals together. They are capable of joining metals with as much rigidity as you would expect from a regular welder. There are several ways to do it, and most of them are super easy and handy that any DIYer can pull off.
How to weld without a welder?
Joining two pieces of metal without using a welding machine can be a fun job if you know how it’s done. Here are How to weld without a welder with different methods for different types of metal:
The name suggests the application; you can glue the pieces of metals together just as you do for other things. The best thing about gluing metals together is that anybody can use it without any prior experience. However, ordinary glue won’t work in joining metal together; you have to use special glue. Silicon-based epoxy glue or polyurethane glue, they do a great job after the bond is formed. Make sure you set it for a while and let it sit for making an unbreakable bond together.
Soldering is a similar process to welding as it works with an electronic circuit board. The difference is, the welder will have a mechanical connection, whereas soldering will have an electrical connection. You will use a different material to melt while soldering, just the way you do with welding. In soldering, the used material is solder, which has a 99% tin and 1% zinc in it to melt down and join metals. You will apply heat to melt the solder into the joining place of the metal to join them together.
Brazing is a popular way of joining metals together with other than welding. It’s also similar to soldering, where you have to apply high heat to melt the filler metal. It takes about 4-5 minutes to completely heat the surface and the filler metal to penetrate. You have to heat both on the base metal and the filler brazing rod, use a gas torch to heat up. Once the base metal is moderately hot, you have to hold the filler rod on the joint and let it melt on the joint. It will gradually fill in the joint, and you can remove the heat when the joint is complete. It will make a solid joint and make a good alternative to the welding machine.
The usual bolt and nuts
This alternative to welding is by far the most used and the best one to go with. It’s also one of the easiest methods that anybody can understand just fine. You have to drill a hole into the metal after aligning them together with a set of bolt and nut. Then, you have to take the right size of the bolts and nuts and bolt the metals together. Use a wrench to tighten the bolts together to make a solid, unbreakable joint. However, the joints won’t be leak proof if you’re looking for a leak proof solution.
If you’re working with thin metal sheets, riveting will be the best alternative instead of bolting. You will need riveting pliers and some tools to do the job, such as clamps, levels, and so on. If you’re working with a little thick metal, you may have to make a drill before you go for riveting. For sheet metals, you should consider the riveting method instead of going for welding. Hold the pieces of metal together firmly and make sure they are level from each side, then mark the drilling places. Revet them together after aligning them; practice will make you perfect in the job. Don’t go for bolts and nuts if it’s sheet metal; they don’t do a great job with thin metals.
Safety tips for welding
Welding includes a lot of potential for accidents as you’re working with electricity and heavy metal. Here are the things you should know as proper safety measurements before starting to weld:
- Wear gloves that are rated for welding works to protect your hands from the metal and electric hazards.
- Don’t forget to wear a pair of close-toed shoes, possibly still-toed shoes will do the best job.
- Always wear a good welding face shield that can protect your eyes from UV rays and toxic fumes.
- Wear a long-sleeved shirt and full-length pants, and make sure they are non-flammable, and rated for welding works.
- Put on a pair of earplugs that will protect your ears from excessive sound from the welding sparkles.
- Prepare the welding machine, and the working is properly to reduce the chance of bad welding experience.
Frequently asked questions
Here are the most frequently asked questions about welding different metals with different welding types that you should know about too:
Are gasless MIG welders any good?
Gasless MIG welders use flux core electrodes to weld metals, and they are great if you’re a beginner. They also come in handy if you need better portability as they don’t need a cylinder or trays.
Can you mig weld aluminum without gas?
MIG welding aluminum without using gas isn’t an ideal option; especially you need a perfect weld. Rather, you should use 100% pure Argon gas to protect the molten aluminum puddle.
Can you MIG weld stainless steel?
You need a tri-blend of Helium, Argon, and Carbon Dioxide, and the composition would be 90%, 7.5%, and 2.5%. You need this composition to protect the molten puddle while welding stainless steel.
Welding can be a pretty hard thing if you don’t have any experience working with welding machines. Plus, it can be super expensive as well because different metals require different types of welding machines. Working with less expensive alternatives to welding is a better solution for DIY and home projects.
Most of the alternatives to welding are super easy to understand and have pretty straightforward methods to make the joint. However, don’t mix up thin and thick metals, Riveting is better than bolding if the metal is a thin sheet. As you know, how to weld without a welder, now you can easily get on with your next project and build something awesome without using a welder.