Welders draw large amounts of electricity and require substantial wiring. The wiring must accommodate its current requirements. Be very precise with which circuit breaker you will wire for your welder before you start the installation.
As studies say, proper wiring is a must in the case of electrical instruments. And when it is a matter of a high-end machine like a welder, it needs to be the most perfect one. Welders work with a high load of energy so it will be a disaster if the wiring is not right.
Generally, A 50 Amp RV plug is 220 Volts if it has four prongs on the male and female plug. Two being 110 Volt to neutral or ground and one prong being neutral and the other prong being ground. The voltage between the two 110 Volt prongs needs to be 220 Volts.
So, without any further ado, go through this guide on how to wire a 50 amp plug for a welder and get yours fixed.
What Size Of Wire Do I Need for A 50 Amp Welder?
Sizing welder circuits and wiring based on the input current requirements of the welder is a must. Table 310-16 of the National Electric Code specifies the wire sizes used for specific current draws. Particular conductor sizes with insulation support require different amounts of current. The amount of current requires for the devices’ service determines the circuit breaker sizes. A 6-gauge wire used to wire a circuit must also accommodate the current allowed by a 50 amp circuit breaker. The 240-volt, 40- to 50-input Amp welders require a 50-Amp circuit breaker and 6-gauge wiring.
What Equipment’s Will You Need to Wire a 50 Amp Plug for Welder?
When getting into any electrical installation, you need to maintain proper safety and also need the right tools. If all the tools are not handy, you may get into trouble when working. So, here’s a list of tools that you might need when wiring a 50amp plug for a welder.
- A 6 AVG wire
- Flush mount 2 gang box
- 50 amp two-pole breaker
- Non-corrosive adhesive/Insulation Tape (Red)
- Outlet cover
- Cable ripper
- Wire stripper
- 50 amp flush mount welder outlet
- Razor knife
How to Wire a 50 Amp Plug for Welder
If you are ready with all the required tools, it is time to dive on the main menu to wire a 50amp plug for the welder. All the steps here are made after applying so follow them as instructed.
Step 1: Ensure Safety
Doing electric works is one of the riskiest tasks which need proper safety. So, before starting the wiring make sure you have proper safety. Firstly, wear glasses, then put on the gloves, and finally wear shoes as the human body is a good conductor of electricity.
Step 2: Prepare the Grounds and Start Wiring
Before starting anything else, remove the circuit box panel cover and prepare the grounds. When preparing the grounds, do not forget to clean them properly. Once it is clean, run those wires through the box and start wiring the plug. First, slide the wire into the slot of the welder box and tighten up the little screws properly.
Step 3: Put a Label on the White Wire
Now you can see the white wire there. Put a red tape on to label it red so that anyone else in the future can quickly recognize it. This is a classic safety method for further uses and the red label assures of positive current, as described by the wiring color code. But in the machineries, you will see yellow, white, and blue wires so do not forget to mark them as mistakes in wire connections can create a hazard.
Step 4: Screw the Plug and Wire the Circuit Breaker
Simply screw the plug on that box. Put the cover on. Then wire the breaker. To wire your breaker, follow the same direction as the wiring plug. Remember the breaker is an important part as it ensures safety if any kind of overload happens. Now both the black and red wires are attached to the breaker, referring that both are hot and ready to snap-in.
Step 5: Install the Breaker and Put the Panel Covers on
Again, check the breakers whether it is in off position. I repeat, check it well. As the ground is now ready, push the breaker all the way in to be installed properly. Then put the box’s panel cover back on as it was before.
Step 6: Final Testing
Now that finishing all the settings, it is time to test the circuit breaker if it is functioning properly. Turn it on and plug the welder in. Then press the power button on the welder and run a test welding in a small piece of metal. If all is okay then you are good to go.
Installation of your welder becomes very easy when you know how to wire the plug and the breaker perfectly. This whole guide on how to wire a 50 amp plug for welder has been prepared following the practical and easiest way. These steps will work properly also for the 110v MIG welder for beginners.
By following these steps thoroughly, anyone should be able to run a 50 Amp welder with just a few tools. Keep in mind that if you are not comfortable enough, it is always a good idea to hire a professional one.