Welding is the most practiced way to join metals together, no matter what type of metal you’re working on. If you have to keep on the move, or cannot change the welding machine between jobs, getting a multifunctional welding tool is important. The two most common and easy welding methods are Stick welding and MIG welding. They are both from two different welding processes; arc and MIG, and the easiest ones to learn.
If you explore them both and want to choose one between them, the first question you’ll ask is, is stick welding stronger than MIG? Well, both of them work on a variety of metals and can get you a nice and sharp weld bead. If you’re considering one of them as your go-to option, keep reading this article to decide the one you’re going with.
Is stick welding stronger than MIG?
Both the stick and MIG welding methods are the most common ones that beginners can catch quite easily. Both of them have a good welding output quality, especially when it comes to different types of metal. However, when you have to choose between them, you’ll notice some structural differences on the final output and ask if it is stick welding stronger than MIG. Here is what you should know about them to decide the strongest welding method between stick and MIG:
Electricity settings of stick welding
The stick welding method and the MIG welding method use different electric settings and methods to land the weld. First of all, stick welding is an arc welding method which works with a stick of filler metal covered with protective flux. When you work with a stick welder, you’ll usually use the current setting at DC straight.
Thus, over 70% of the heart will go straight to the workpiece, which means you’re getting a very higher penetration over the work. As a result, you’ll notice the weld poodle with the stick welding gives you deeper penetration. If you’re joining thicker metals, the deeper penetration is very important. So, if you want a deeper and flatter weld, go for the stick welding method for the best result.
Electricity settings of MIG welding
On the other hand, the MIG welding method uses the DC reverse polarity settings when it comes to setting up the current option. While landing the weld, the electrons will flow up from the workpiece you’re working on, towards the filler metal. In this situation, most heat (about 70%) will go to the filler electrode, which means you’re lacking a higher heat on the workpiece.
As you can now understand, if you need or okay with a lower penetration on the piece, MIG is your way to go. When you work with a MIG welding machine, you will see that the molten poodle is not flat; instead, it has a bump. That output refers to a shallow penetration over the workpiece. If you’re joining a thin metal and want a clean look to it, MIG welding can be the one to satisfy you.
Decide according to the workpiece and output look
The MIG welding method is originally perfect for sheet metal, where you need less penetration but a strong weld. You’ll use a protective layer with a gas mixture of CO2, Argon, or pure argon, and sometimes other gasses, too. For the filler metal, you’ll use a .025 electrode, which is perfect only for light and thin metal. You can also use a .045 electrode to weld about 3/8 sheet metal with moderate penetration. It will give you a spatter-free and clean weld bead to get you a nicer joint.
However, when you have to get a better and deeper penetration on the metal, the SMAW or Stick welding and E6010/11 rods will do the best job. It’s also the best option if you’re a beginner and want a better result on the weld with deeper penetration and flat joints. The stick welding method will require you to have an open mind for spattering, and you’ll need to flatten or grind them up afterward.
Workability in different situations
If you have some obligations about working on different sights, you must consider both the welding methods carefully. Stick welding is the most versatile method for working anywhere, no matter outside or inside. It doesn’t need a gas shield, so you’re also free from a mandatory crate to carry the setup from one workplace to another. You can work with a stick welder in heavy wind or even rain, which is perfect if you’re getting it for farm welding or outside.
MIG welding requires a controlled space with no strong wind to land the weld as the molten poodle needs a gas shield. It’s not applicable in rain or wind because the gas shield shouldn’t be interrupted. You have to use it in a controlled room where you have adequate ventilation because MIG produces a lot of heat and fume. Only then you can land a perfect weld using a MIG welder if you’re working on sheet metals.
Welding safety tips
Welding can be a great way to build things if you’re a hobbyist or a great profession if you’re all into it. However, either way, you must know how to stay safe while you’re working with a welder. Here are the welding safety tips you must know for a safer and better welding experience:
Read the user manual first
The first and the most important safety tip for safer welding is through the user manual that the welding machine came with. It will state all the safety information and indicate the hazards that you should avoid while using it.
Put on protective attire
Putting on the right attire is crucial for a safer welding experience. You have to wear a welding jacket to stay out of the spatter and keep your body safe. Put on steel-toed shoes, a pair of long, sturdy pants, and welding gloves. These attires will help you stay safe while welding in risky conditions.
Use a good welding helmet
You have to protect your eyes while welding, and it’s the most important thing to wear. You must not overlook it. Using a good welding helmet with proper eye protection and breathing capability can solve the problem. There are self-darkening helmets available in the market that you can go for as well. They come with sensors inside to darken the viewing glass or make it transparent within a fraction of a second.
Keep a good ventilation
You are working with fire, metal, and toxicity; so, it’s crucial to keep out of any toxicity or overheat. Especially if you’re working with MIG welding, it will produce a lot of heat and fume to make it nearly impossible to keep the welding area unventilated. You must make sure the welding area is not building toxic fumes and overheating the piece or your surrounding.
Some of the most important industries rely on welding for their production and to stay on the business. There are different welding methods professionals use for their projects; and, not every welding method will do the same job with the same quality. The most important consideration to make while choosing a welding method is to make sure the welded joint is strong and rigid.
While choosing between stick and MIG, if you ask why is stick welding stronger than MIG, the answer is the electricity settings they use. They both have different benefits to offer to the welder for different types of metal. No matter which type you use, you must make sure you’re taking a right protective actions before getting started.